The history of the castle in which our hotel is located gives the evidence of the unique character of our hotel. The history is so rich, that it would be possible to write a passionate book about it. Big and small events took place here, dramas on a national and private scale, romances, political storms of war and peace times. The castle survived, among others, the wars with Teutonic Order, Swedish Deluge, partitions and two world wars.

 

The hotel was destroyed during the wars, such as in the 17th century when the Swedish Invasion had taken place, and the castle had been devastated and partially burned. Although, the castle was rebuilt every time, its magnificent walls give every passer-by a glimpse of history. Nowadays, our hotel situated in the castle ,combines the climate of the past with the highest modern standards of décor to create a specific atmoshere.

 

Presently, the hotel in the castle in Pułtusk is under the ownership of the “Association of Polish Community” (“Wspólnota Polska”). This old residence of bishops together with the closest areas was transformed into The House of the Polish Diaspora” (Dom Polonii) by a government decision in 27 July 1974. The castle was rebuilt in the renaissance style and its gates were solemnly opened in 16 July 1989.

History
Pułtusk - the oldest town of Masovia read more »

Pułtusk - the oldest town of Masovia read more »

Our town with…

Pułtusk is a town full of grace and sometimes hidden charm. It offers countable unforgettable sensations to those, who really want to know it. The connoisseur of art as well as the history loves find something for themselves here. There is a possibility of admiring of the unique urban net and also the largest renaissance polychromes on the north from The Alps. One may also set off through the track memorizing the famous battle from the Napoleon times and look for the meteorite. The tourists who desire to catch a breath in the open outdoors or to have the active rest, may spend the time on canoes, boats and bicycles. The photography and landscape painting lovers may find the inspiration here during the every season of the year. Everything is within the reach on the area of a few quadrate meters. There is nothing strange in the fact that every year more and more tourists visit Pułtusk. Additionally, after the day full of sensations we offers you the moment of repose and delicious meals in spacious interiors of our hotel in the castle.


In its friendly atmosphere even the legend on the terrible flood from the past is not frightful. Only the half of the town survived and before these dramatic happenings its name was … Tusk. From this time people started to call it Pułtusk. But in reality the history of the name is pictured in a different way. So, close to the city, the right arm of the River Narew – small, measuring only 50 kilometers River Pełta found its estuary. And the name of the town was adopted exactly from the name of this river. It appeared in the 13th century It took countable different forms during the centuries: Pultovia, Peltowsko, Peltowsk, Pełtowsk, and finally it get the present name – Pułtusk.

From the past of Pułtusk castle read more »

From the past of Pułtusk castle read more »

What the castle walls has seen…

The beginnings of Pułtusk are buried in the darkness of the past. The castle is located in the direct neighbourhood of the place where in the old days took place the Narew crossing. Surely, from the very beginning of the town, there may have existed the guarding city. Pułtusk also had the function of chatellenie. The present castle is located on the artificially created hill. The oldest traces of colonization found by the archeologists reach the 13th century. At the time there existed the settlement composed of many wooden houses located along three streets. Surely, there was also the impressive seat of the lord raised. The inhabitants of the settlement occupied themselves with agriculture, hunting, fishing, and they produced simple tools and facilities of everyday use. The building of the city was changed many times. Its remains exist under the surface of the present courtyard.

In the 13th century the city and the vast area around today Pułtusk had been given to the bishops of Płock. From that moment for more than six hundred years they had ruled the castle, calling themselves the princes of Pułtusk.

In the 14th century the city was relocated from the castle hill, and around the area of the present market there started to appear the place which gained the urban rights in 1339. Pułtusk developed gradually but it had to face the Lithuanian invasions. Although it was situated on the hill, and the castle had the fortified character, the Lithuanians many times managed to entirely destroy the fortress and the town. Jan Długosz documented these happenings in his chronicles. Picturing the happenings from 1324, he recollects: “At the same time, David, the village headman of the Grodzieński castle (Gartin), at the command of the mentioned prince Gedymin, invading the Masovian area ground, Pułtusk town (Polthowsko), belonging to the bishop of Płock and one hundred and thirty neighbouring villages on the day of the Sacred Elizabeth, ravaged them by slaughter, pillage and conflagration, and burned thirty parish churches, and they tool four thousand souls to slavery”. Similar happenings took also place in 1337, but the most dramatic Lithuanian invasion took place in 1368. Then the Lithuanian plundered the town abducting many people. The brave staff of the castle was burned.

Probably in the 14th century the castle became the residence of the bishops of Płock who directed the vast areas of goods from this place and who willingly spent the time in Pułtusk, hunting in White Wilderness. At the beginning the castle residence was wooden. In the 14th century or maybe in the times of the bishop Paweł Giżycki (1439-1463) on the western part of the hill, there was raised the brick Little House, simple basement building on the rectangular plan with four-sided stone tower. The most serious works on the development of the castle were conducted in the 16th century. They gave the renaissance character to the residence. The bishops who managed the diocese of Płock at that times who at the same times were the magnificent humanists and politicians, they appeared the true patrons of the art. Rafał Leszczyński, Andrzej Krzycki, and among others Andrzej Noskowski brought many famous artists of high class to Pułtusk. The delightful craft of the art work is admired till today.

As far as the castle is concerned, on the north from the Little House, the Large House was raised, presently, the north-western wing. It was the brick two storey, basement building on the rectangular plan with single track inside. On the East, there adhered the gate to it. This building lasted till today. In the 16th century at the regime of the bishop Piotr Myszkowski, there appeared two gardens with fruit-trees and grapevine, separated with fence from the town. At the beginning of the next century, the bishop Marcin Szyszkowski lead to clearing of the castle walls and his successor, Henryk Firlej raised the huge arcade bridge at the entry and brick fence. And in the times of the bishop Stanisław Lubieński, in 1628 the chapel of those times was embroidered with polychrome by the painter Jan Rostwoski. In 1640 the bishop Łubieński, through his last will, handed over his priceless book collection to the castle. It was intended to rest in one of the rooms in the castle basement. But it did not survived to our times. The same as in the many other places in our country, The Swedes destroyed the place during the deluge. The castle was almost entirely destroyed, and the Swedes collected huge tributes, in the amount of the thirty year payment within two years from the town and from the close villages. They ravaged the churches, especially the collegiate church and the monastery of Jesuits.

The reconstruction of the castle was started not before than at the end of the 17th century, in the period when the diocese was ruled in sequence by three bishops from Załuscy line of the Junosz crest. The Large House was raised from the ashes, and from the remains of the Little House there was the western wing erected with the new chapel. On the East from the gate building there was build the entirely new basement north-western wing. The interiors were decorated with stuccowork and the Dutch handmade faience tiles. Nowadays, these tiles may be seen in one of the collegial chapels. In the renovated gardens orangeries, fig-tree areas and gazebo were created. Some time later, in the Italian garden the gardener house was built. At the very end of the 17th century, the bishop Hilary Szembek rebuilt the gate building in the classical style and he added the passage of bungalow rooms from the river side. The castle gained the shape which can be admired till today.

As the result of the third partition of Poland, Pułtusk got into the Prussian annexation. Then the secularization took place, the town stopped being the ownership of the bishops of Płock, but the castle stayed in their hands. The residence suffered a lot during the Napoleon wars. On 26 December 1806 in Pułtusk the French army waged the bloody battle with Russians. The 30 thousand fifth French corps under the command of marshal Jean Lannes and Gudin division from the third corps of marshal Louis Davot tried to get the bridge on the Narew River and takeover the town. Unexpectedly, they were attacked on the West from Pułtusk by the equipped in 120 cannons, 45 thousand Russian army under the command of general Levin August von Bennigsen. Extremely bloody battle was not settled because the Russians endured on their positions and destroyed the bridge. The battles took place in terrible atmospheric conditions during the storm snowstorm and rain. There came the time of thaw and the ground drowned in mud. The two parties suffered hard losses.

The French lost from 1500 to 7000 of killed and Russians 3500-500. The battle was memorized in the Triumphal Arch in Paris. After the battle the emperor Napoleon I came to Pułtusk. He observed from the one window of the castle through the telescope the column of withdrawing Russians, angry that he had not managed to defeat them and finish the war with the fourth coalition. On that times on the caste there was created a field hospital, what caused the significant deterioration of the interiors. The castle was renovated after these deteriorations in the years 1817-24 after the trials of the bishop Adam Michał Prażmowski. It was a result of works of Antoni Piotrowski. The castle was again damaged during the fire in 1841. Despite the fact that the major part of the castle was destroyed, it was again rebuilt. The bishops of Płock resided here to 1852, and the last of them was Franciszek Pawłowski. Finally, the castle was taken back from the bishops by Russian authorities in 1866. Then there was again the army hospital. After regaining the sovereignty in 1918, the building became the seat of the district authorities and had this function to 1975. In the occupation period Germans resided there. There built one more floor above the Eastern wing.

In 1974 the Polish authorities had decided to reshape the castle in the House of Polish Diaspora. Then started the rebuild which lasted 15 years. Among others the interiors were reshaped, and they were adjusted to the hotel needs. Nowadays, the body of the castle has the shape of asymmetrical, consisting of seven segments horseshoe. The original location of rooms is the best visible today in basements of the Large House and the gate building.

The history of the castle ghost read more »

The history of the castle ghost read more »

Guests from the past…

Like every self-respecting town with rich past, Pułtusk has got its own ghost. Its story begins probably in the period of Swedish deluge. The Swedish corps of Adolf Jan invaded the town conducting the revisions everywhere and terrible devastation. Churches and graves situated in them fell also  prey to the soldiers. Such situation also repeated in 1703, in the times of the Great Northern War when after the victory over the Saxon army, the Swedish army again plundered the city.

The victim of robberies and profanation was also the church of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Nowadays it is the seat of the National Archive. No longer than during the renovation and adaptation works conducted in the last century, the workers had many times seen strange, dressed in black figure. During arranging the bookshelves for archive, they noticed black shoes with buckles belonging to the hiding intruder. And finally, one of the scholars residing in the guest room heard the steps in the evening. Waiting, he was staring at the door which opened very slowly. The scholar noticed a strange figure of the Swedish reiter. He was dressed in black with white collar. He had a hat on his head. He was holding a pipe in his hand. He gauged the guest and without single word, but without a hurry, left. The mysterious steps were heard many times from that time. There are many stories told by the residents of Pułtusk nowadays, concerning this figure dressed in black and also other figures, and the people telling them swear they do not lie.

If you look for really strong sensations, we all the more invite to our hotel. You will get the possibility of facing the stranger from the past. Residing in the castle walls in the evenings, it is worth to look around. It will not be a harm to taste the castle liqueurs, which definitely sharpen the sight and open the eyes for unusual views.

The historic gallery of the castle guests read more »

The historic gallery of the castle guests read more »

Honourable company…

If you shall visit our hotel, you join the greatly honourable group of the guests who resided in Pułtusk castle. They are the following:

Sigismund III Vasa, the king of Poland (1587-1632) and the nominal king of Sweden

Visited Pułtusk twice First, in 1590 he visited the local Jesuit council. In 1619 together with the Queen Constance and the whole mansion took part in the solemn handing over of the relics of the sacred Pelagia and Eugenia by the bishop Firlej.

Władysław IV Waza, the king of Poland (1587-1632) and the nominal king of Sweden
Visited Pułtusk in 1635 and he took part in handing over to the local Jesuits of silver herm for the relics of the sacred Ursula and sacred Władysław. This herm was intended to be the image of the king.

Charles XII Wittelsbach, the prince of Palatinate-Zweibrücken (1697-1718)
After the victory over the Saxon army in the battle of Pułtusk in May 1703, the king of Sweden Charles XII rested in the castle for a few days. On this triumph, he ordered the making of the silver memorial medal.

Augustus II the Strong, the king of Poland in 1697-1706 and 1709-1733, the elector of Saxony 1694-1733
During the great Northern War, Augustus II was hosted in the Pułtusk castle only for one day. It was 5 October 1704.

Napoleon the Emperor
Came to Pułtusk after the battle of his army with the Russians on 26 December 1806. He observed from the castle windows the enemy’s army withdrawing beyond the Narew River. He stayed in Pułtusk till New Year’s Eve. But because of the damages in the castle and because of the fact that the field-hospital was located in the castle at that time, he spent the nights in the neighbouring tenement house close to the market.

Alexander I of Russia – emperor of Russia (1801-1825), the king of Poland (1815-1825) visited  Pułtusk twice and every time visited the castle. Firstly in 1820 on his way to Saint Petersburg, and then in 1825 in the companionship of the Austrian archduke Wilhelm.